Manganese is a trace element.  That means we don't need a lot of it.  However, if we don't have enough we can be in a lot of strife.

The principal area we will notice low manganese is in tendon control.  In Joel Wallach's book "Rare Earth's Forbidden Cure's" printed in 1994, he attributes RSI (repetitive strain injury) to low manganese levels.  Any injury around a joint may involve tendons.  Tendons and ligaments join muscle to bone.  If muscle is stretched tight because of low magnesium, this is going to put pressure on the tendons too.  This can cause problems from the feet (often archilles tendon) up through any of the joints - knees, hip, shoulders, back, arms, wrists and even ears.

The first visible sign that our manganese is slipping is droopy eyelids.  We may think it is good to be able to put eye-shadow on and be able to see it, but in reality it tells us something is wrong.  Start looking at other people's eyelids - you can't actually see the eyelid - it disappears up under the eyebrows.  This is normal.  Next, a bit further down the track we may start to get tinnitus - noises in the ears.  Your doctor may tell you this will just get worse over the years and you have to put up with it!

There are tendons holding the little bones in the ear that transmit sound, in place too and they are so delicate that it doesn't take long before they are malfunctioning because of poor tendon control.  Don't just listen to the noises, listen to your body.  It is trying to tell you to get more manganese coming through.

If you don't do anything at this stage, later you will start to have real tendon problems.  Painful joints, pulled or torn ligaments, contractures of the fingers with visible tight bands across the palm.  Ankles will twist easily.  We lose coordination and become clumsy. We fall over more, bump into things and generally do ourselves an injury.  Eventually  we need surgery to various
places - all for the want of a bit of manganese.

The list of problems due to low manganese includes
tinnitus  TMJ (jaw pain) 
deafness  convulsions 
ataxia carpel tunnel 
asthma  chondrodystrophy 
RSI  retarded growth

Manganese is also needed for enzymes (digestion and energy production; and to protect against fat oxidation damage to tissues) for hormones, including thyroid and insulin, dopamine and sex hormones; balance, depression, epilepsy, irritability, memory, balance, reflexes, energy, bones, rheumatoid arthritis and schizophrenia, brain function including compassion, mother's love and maternal instinct.

Foods that have reasonable amounts of manganese include tea, ginger, oats, nuts, raisins and black pepper.  Also in pecan, peanuts, pineapple, beans, rice, spinach and sweet potato.  There is almost no manganese in meat, poultry, fish, milk, cheese, sugary or refined foods.

If we have ended up with tendon problems, this will have put strain on other areas too so we may find the doctor diagnosing diabetes, asthma, arthritis and strained muscles and joints.

For diabetes, we might also need chromium, zinc, B3, B6, Vit C, vanadium and carnitine.  For thyroid, tyrosine, iodine, B5, zinc and Vit A.  For joint problems, magnesium, Vit C, boron, an B6.

Vitamin B6 is important for nerve function, myelin sheath around nerves, and to reduce swelling in nerves and synovial membranes around the joints.  B6 helps to reduce oedema (swelling) and is low with carpel tunnel.

B6 also works with manganese to alleviate nausea and vomiting, giddiness and instability, all of which are controlled in the ear where manganese is also a large factor.  Each element utilises parts of another for different functions.  We need to be sure there is enough to go around.